Mosquitoes will become more active with the onset of summer. There are different types of mosquitoes and that different species of mosquitoes transmit different diseases. Mosquitoes transmit germs from a sick person to a healthy person. The major infectious diseases such as malaria, dengue, Japanese encephalitis are usually transmitted by mosquito-borne.
Malaria :- Malaria is transmitted by the bite of anaphylaxis mosquito. Parasite Plasmodium is also believed to be the main cause. Children under the age of five, pregnant women, and people living with HIV are more likely to be affected by malaria. Headaches, vomiting, and fever are the main symptoms. If not treated in time, malaria can be fatal.
Dengue :- Dengue is the most deadly mosquito bite. In the early stages, the disease can heal on its own by consuming liquid food. However, a second recurrence of the fever can be very dangerous. A female Aedes mosquito moves from its bite. Dengue causes fever, headache, muscle aches and bleeding from various parts of the body.
Japanese encephalitis :- If you have Japanese encephalitis, it directly affects the brain. In addition, it affects the nerves and spinal cord, so the disease is considered very deadly. When this problem is seen, the amount of oxygen in the body decreases and it becomes difficult to breathe. Also, there is fever, headache and red eyes.
- It is important to avoid mosquito bites to avoid infectious diseases. Therefore, it should be controlled by the community. Since the mosquitoes breed more in the frozen areas, the ditches should be filled.
- Sewage and water freezing areas should be cleaned every week and water should be made to flow without freezing. This hinders the reproduction of mosquitoes and makes them easier to control.
- Mandatory sleeping bags should be used. Mosquito repellent is now available in the market, it should be used.
- The nets can be used to prevent mosquitoes from entering the windows and doors of the house.
- A lotion is available to avoid mosquito bites. While sleeping, apply lotion on the genitals and take a bath in the morning.
- To kill mosquitoes, pesticides can be sprayed in toll roads. However, such pesticides should not be sprayed in water sources.
Neem oil :- If you are bothered by mosquitoes, you can use neem oil. Neem is considered as an antibacterial and antifungal. Mosquitoes do not like the smell of its oil. Mosquitoes do not come close when using it. Add a little coconut oil to neem oil and rub it on the visible part of the body, it will protect you from mosquito bites. At least one use works for at least 8 hours.
Camphor :- This is something that can be easily found in our house. It also helps repel mosquitoes by burning camphor with a window cover for at least 15-20 minutes as it helps repel mosquitoes.
Basil :- Basil is also an easily found plant around our house. Planting a plant near the window of the house reduces the possibility of mosquitoes coming through the window.
Garlic :- Garlic is also a very beneficial household item to repel mosquitoes. Its smell makes mosquitoes run away. Boil a few cloves of garlic in water and spray it in the room as spraying perfume. Mosquitoes cannot stay in the room.
Peppermint :- Peppermint can be planted around the house. Applying its oil on the body, mosquitoes cannot stay and it can be avoided.
Reason for the increase in Mosquitoes
Especially in the Terai region of Nepal and in places where it is very hot, mosquitoes are more prevalent and the disease is more prevalent in these places. However, for various reasons, mosquitoes have recently started spreading even in the hilly areas. Therefore, its risk has increased everywhere.
Living by the river, Mosquitoes spread rapidly in drinking water and in urban areas and densely populated areas. Therefore, even epidemics of communicable diseases are likely to spread in such areas soon. Due to lack of sanitation and lack of health awareness, mosquitoes are on the rise.