Treatment of chicken pox is not only expensive but also impractical. There is no cure for some viral diseases No matter how many diseases are involved; it can lead to high mortality in a short period of time and a big drop in production.
Therefore, it is important to protect the health of your chickens by vaccinating them in time to avoid damage. There are generally three types: living, dead, and inactivated. Any of these vaccines can be used depending on the specific location, the nature of the disease and its effectiveness. Poultry is more likely to be protected from disease-related diseases in the long term than from the dead vaccine, and it is also somewhat cheaper.
But compared to the dead vaccine, its improper use is more likely to spread the disease. However, only healthy chickens should be vaccinated at any time. After the onset of the disease and under stress, the chickens do more harm than good. When vaccinating, you should be vaccinated with bacteria that match the species that spreads the disease in your area. The vaccine should be stored in a well-ventilated area (2 to 8 cc) before using it. The vaccine may not work well if it is kept at a hot temperature and making moisture can be maintained due to load shedding problem. Therefore, the vaccine should be kept in an ice box and not exposed to direct sunlight. It also can be kept in a dry but cold and dark room.
When vaccinating chickens, they can be vaccinated according to the nature of the disease through the following methods :-
- Dissolve in water.
- Drops in the eye.
- Give in the nostrils.
- To give meat, skin and feathers through needles.
- By spraying vaccine on chickens.
How to vaccinate through water ??
This method is becoming popular day by day because it is easier and more practical for the farmer than any other method. This method of vaccination does not require catching chickens one by one like other methods and many chickens can be vaccinated at the same time. However, vaccinating all the chickens one by one can ensure that all are vaccinated, while vaccinating with this method can result in a few percent of the chickens not being vaccinated at all times.
Therefore, when vaccinating with this method, the following things should be taken into consideration :-
- Vaccinated water should be pure and iodine, chlorine and other substances should not be used in the water given to the chickens before two days after vaccination. Otherwise it has a big impact on the effectiveness of the vaccine.
- To increase the effectiveness of the vaccine and to reduce the toxicity of the water, pure milk or skimmed milk powder or skim milk can be mixed at the rate of 30 ml per liter in the vaccinated water. If milk or powder is to be mixed at the rate of 2 to 3 grams per liter, leave it for about half an hour and then only the vaccine should be added. If water is supplied from a pipeline or from an automatic Decker, the same proportion of milk should be mixed and sent through a water pipe. Adding milk maintains the pH of the water and neutralizes any viruses that contain in the water. You should use as much powdered milk as you can without skim milk, but that doesn’t mean you can’t use other milk.
- First, according to the number and age of the chickens, the amount of drinking water should be out in 24 hours and more than half of the resulting water should be given to the chickens by dissolving the vaccine in a little less water. For more information about food/water consume for chickens can be obtained from the section entitled Chicken food/water Management. For example, if chickens want to 100 liters of water in 24 hours, then we should mix about 1500 ml of skimmed boiled milk or a maximum of 150 grams of powdered milk powder.
- After dissolving the vaccine in this way, special care should be taken to get the boiled water to the chickens as soon as possible. The given vaccinated water should be consumed by the chicken within 2 hours. If water cannot be consumed within two hours, the boiled water should be removed and the vessel should be cleaned and replaced with plain water.
- In order for all the chickens to drink boiled water with vaccine, the chickens should be kept thirsty beforehand. Water containers should be removed one hour before the onset of summer and 3 hours before the onset of winter. By doing this process, chicken get thirstier and come to drink with adequate water. However, even after removing the dishes and putting them back, some chickens may still be sitting without drinking water. In this case, the chickens should be chased slowly and taken to the water tank.
- Vaccination water should be cold. If the water is hot, it can be cooled by placing clean ice on the water containers.
- After usage of vaccine bottle, syringe and used materials should be safely burned or buried. It is necessary to thoroughly clean the water in the given and mixed utensils.
- The easiest way to find out how many chickens have been vaccinated is to add edible and safe dyes to the vaccinated water. By doing this, the top color sticks to the beak or ass of the chicken while drinking water and it can be found out that the chickens have been vaccinated. The vaccination program is considered successful if 95% of the chickens are vaccinated within one hour of vaccination.
How to get vaccinated by other methods ??
- Even when injected into the nose or eyes, a small amount of vaccine is injected through a syringe so that the amount of vaccine and the available diluent is dissolved and each chicken is caught and inhaled through the nose or eye. The vaccine thus prepared can also be injected into the meat In the case of vaccines given on the wings, the vaccine is sent to the inner part of the wings.
- It should not be forgotten that the vaccine must be given within two hours after dissolving the vaccine by any means. It is better to get vaccinated in the morning or evening because at that time the temperature is not so hot high. When preparing the vaccine, it should be prepared in the shade so that it does not get sunlight.
- Chickens can also be vaccinated by spraying. However; this method is not recommended for farmers as it requires more technical skills and has some limitations.
Why doesn’t the vaccine work even when the vaccine is given?
- Small chickens can stay without water for 2-4 hours more than big chickens, so vaccination will not work if small chickens do not get enough water.
- The vaccine does not work unless the vaccine and the bacterial or bacterial species are the same.
- On the days of vaccination (two days before and two days after) water mixed with water is not cleaned the water iodine, chlorine, including drugs if the chicken is taking the vaccine does not work.
- Antibiotics are also being used by chickens during vaccination, but the vaccine does not work.
- Healthy chickens are not vaccinated and even if they look healthy, they have been attacked by the disease without any symptoms. So, the vaccine does not work on this situation.
- Vaccination does not work if the process of preparation does not match or do not pay attention to the above mentioned things.
- Vaccination does not work if the chickens are stressed during vaccination.
Note: – When vaccinating chickens, all the above-mentioned things should be consider.